Given two action sequences, we are interested in spotting/co-segmenting all pairs of sub-sequences that represent the same action. We propose a totally unsupervised solution to this problem. No a-priori model of the actions is assumed to be available. The number of common sub-sequences may be unknown. The sub-sequences can be located anywhere in the original sequences, may differ in duration and the corresponding actions may be performed by a different person, in different style. We treat this type of temporal action co-segmentation as a stochastic optimization problem that is solved by employing Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO). The objective function that is minimized by PSO capitalizes on Dynamic Time Warping (DTW) to compare two action sequences. Due to the generic problem formulation and solution, the proposed method can be applied to motion capture (i.e., 3D skeletal) data or to conventional RGB video data acquired in the wild. We present extensive quantitative experiments on several standard, ground truthed datasets. The obtained results demonstrate that the proposed method achieves a remarkable increase in co-segmentation quality compared to all tested existing state of the art methods.
For more information (results, datasets, etc) go to the EVACO web page
The electronic versions of the above publications can be downloaded from my publications page.